n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Perceived barriers to protected sexual intercourse among University of Venda students

Volume 19, Issue Issue-4_1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


The purpose of this study was to examine the perception of University students regarding the barriers to protected sexual intercourse. This cross-sectional study involved 408 (206 females and 202 males) students residing within the university campus. Simple and systematic sampling methods were used to select participants. A 4-likert scaled self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection and a cut-off point of 75% of the total scores was used as criteria for assessing perception to protected sexual intercourse among university students. Three hundred and thirty five (82.11%) participants were sexually active, with males (90.10%) being more sexually active compared to the females (74.27%). Among the sexually active participants, 73.77% of the males and 64.05% of the females reported using condom at the last sex. Majority (92.4%) of the participants either disagreed or strongly disagreed that the cost of condom is a hindrance to its use and 296 (72.60%) disagreed or strongly disagreed that people don't use condoms regularly because it causes skin discomfort. Only 231 (56.70%) participants believe that people do not use modern contraceptives because it has side effects that are injurious to their health with no significant difference in perception among males and females (Chi-square value = 1.722, p-value = 0.632) and 289 (70.80%) disagreed or strongly disagreed that the government has not done enough in creating awareness and providing contraceptives at the rate that common man can afford (Chi-square value =14.299, p-value = 0.003). However, majority (86.3%) of the participants agreed or strongly agreed that the desire to have a baby could prevent people from using protection during sex, with no significant gender difference in perception (Chi-square = 1.172, p-value = 0.760). There was no significant difference in perception regarding barriers to preventing unprotected sex across age groups. This study found that the cost and availability of condoms, pressure from parents and baby support grants given by government were not considered as major barriers to protected sex by the students. However, it was found that more males than females used condom at the last sex and majority of the participants believe that the desire to have a child is a strong influence on the use of condom during sex. Therefore, a perception re-orientation is needed to provide correct information to the students in order to help them make better choices concerning their sexual behaviour.

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