n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Dilemma of the African teacher : what exactly do teachers do?

Supplement 2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


The problems faced by African teachers are multidimensional and indeed vary between as well as within countries. The challenges can be explained in terms of prevailing economic, social and political situations in many African countries. Many African governments have become increasingly unstable, with their economies shrinking to the point of dysfunction and imminent collapse. This study was carried out to evaluate the challenges and realities facing African teachers, their work conditions, work environment and how these factors affect their productivity. Interviews were conducted with teachers and principals at some selected primary and secondary schools in some African countries. Documentary evidence of integrated regional studies in South Africa, Botswana, Kenya, Nigeria, Egypt, Iran and USA was examined. Results were analysed and discussed based on the following conceptual framework: work conditions of teachers in public and private institutions, including recruitment and retention; teachers' wages, benefits and international comparison; non-salary options to improve teaching-learning process; the quality management system in public and private schools and how these can be implemented (legal, regulatory, management, incentives and resources allocation); and strategies to attract skilled professionals under conditions of financial constraints and challenging work conditions, as well as strategies to improve their productivity.

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