n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - A review of assessment and skill training methods used in sports vision

Volume 20, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


Sports vision tests help athletes to determine how well their eyes perform, beyond a basic ability to see letters and objects clearly, and vision training helps their eyes perform better for athletic activities. The sports vision tests that assess how well an athlete sees can also be used to train them and improve their visual function. Many successful athletes employ sports vision training to improve their sporting performance, and this often requires the assistance of a sports vision practitioner. Comparisons of performances between amateur and elite athletes have generated much research interests in the recent past. Literature also indicates that some sports require specific visual skills, many of which are tested in sports vision. These include hardware skills (e.g. visual acuity, depth perception, eye motility, focus flexibility, fusion, contrast sensitivity and colour perception) and software skills (e.g. central-peripheral awareness, eye-hand, eye-body coordination, visualization, visual concentration and visual reaction time). The purpose of this paper is to review the current assessment and skill training methods used in sport vision. This review will be useful to sport scientists, coaches and optometrists in improving their ability to recognize and diagnose sports vision related problems, and provide appropriate visual skills training to their athletes. This will in turn improve the sporting performance of the athletes.

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