n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - The effects of physical activity on the self-perception of males between the ages of 20 and 40 years

Volume 20, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


It has been shown that physical activity has a positive effect on both physiological and psychological health. Self-perception is considered to be a component of self-esteem. However, the research supporting the positive effects of physical activity on self-perception has many shortcomings such as inconclusive results, inadequate measurements, and lack of domain specific research. The intent of this research was to investigate the effects of physical activity on the selfperception of males between the ages of 20 and 40 years and to assess whether the mode of physical activity affects the level of self-perception. It was hypothesised that physical activity increases self-perception in males. It was further hypothesised that individuals who participate in weight training will show higher levels of self-perception in relation to other modes of physical activity. Trained (n=25) and untrained (n=25) males aged 20 to 40 years completed the Physical Self-Perception Profile questionnaire which has five subscales, namely sport competence, strength, body conditioning, personal self-worth and body attractiveness. The results indicated that the trained subjects were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than the untrained subjects for all five subscales of the Physical Self-Perception Profile scale with regards to self-esteem.

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