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n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - The effects of supervised exercise training and self-directed active daily living on fitness and health parameters in elderly males with type II diabetes

Volume 20, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1117-4315

Abstract

There is limited data on the effectiveness of different exercise programmes in the elderly diabetic population. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of supervised exercise training and self-directed active daily living on selected fitness and health parameters in elderly males with type II diabetes. Twenty-nine elderly (>65y), sedentary males with type II diabetes were assigned to a Control Group (CG) (n=10), an active daily living (ADL) Group (n=11) and a Supervised Exercise Training (SET) Group (n=8). The intervention consisted of two different exercise prescriptions over an eight-week period. The SET Group performed aerobic, flexibility and resistance exercises three times per week, while the ADL Group was advised to accumulate 30 to 60 minutes of physical activity per day. The effects of the interventions on fitness and health were assessed by means of a blood test (HbA1c), resting blood pressure readings and the Senior Fitness Test. Statistical significance was set at a confidence level of 95% (p≤0.05). The results showed that the largest decrease in systolic blood pressure occurred in the SET group (p=0.028). There were statistically significant improvements in the aerobic endurance of both the SET and ADL groups (p=0.012 & p=0.011) as well as in the upper body flexibility of both groups (p=0.028 & p=0.023). The SET group also showed significant improvements in upper body strength (p=0.011) and in agility (p=0.012). The superior results that SET yielded demonstrate that it should form the cornerstone in the treatment of elderly males with diabetes type II.

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/content/ajpherd/20/4/EJC166095
2014-12-01
2019-10-14

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