n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Socio-economic characteristics and pre-disposing factors contributing to high blood pressure among hypertensive patients at Folovhodwe village, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Volume 20, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


Hypertension or high blood pressure, like HIV, is mostly asymptomatic, but can lead to a fatal disabling morbidity which is a serious threat to public health. The study investigated the socio-economic characteristics and pre-disposing factors contributing to hypertension among hypertensive patients at Folovhodwe village in Mutale Municipality of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. A descriptive cross-sectional quantitative design was employed where self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Of the 89 hypertensive patients who participated in the study, most (n=75; 84.3%) were females; 43(48%) were in the 40-50 year age group; 70(78.7%) were divorcees; about 1 in 4 (n=23; 25.8%) participants had no formal education and 40(44.9%) were unemployed. With regard to pre-disposing factors contributing to high blood pressure, a large proportion (n=58; 65.2%) of the participants reported having a family history of hypertension. Before being diagnosed of the condition, 4(5.5%) female and 7(50%) male participants reported smoking; 9(12%) female and 9(64%) male reported alcohol consumption and a larger proportion of females (n=61; 84%) than males (n=7; 50%) reported not exercising. These results bring to the fore some of the fundamental drivers of hypertension. The effective management of the condition requires sound knowledge, pro-active lifestyle adjustment including dietary changes, adherence to prescribed medication regime and regular medical check-ups.

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