n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Infant feeding practices and associated factors among HIV positive mothers in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme at a public health facility in Mbabane, Swaziland : child nutrition and feeding practices

Supplement 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


Sub Saharan Africa still carries a high burden of antenatal HIV prevalence resulting in a large number of new-borns exposed to Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT). Whilst available treatment to prevent MTCT has reduced the chances of transmission, pregnancy, delivery, and infant feeding practice combined still play a significant role in the transmission of HIV from mother to child. This cross sectional quantitative study, conducted between August and November 2013, assessed infant feeding practices of HIV positive mothers of infants twelve months and below in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme (PMTCT) in a public health facility in Mbabane, Swaziland. A convenient sample of 130 mothers was interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using STATA version 10 statistical package. Eighty nine percent of mothers followed the recommended infant feeding practices. Chi square test analysis revealed that the age of the infant, marital status, mother staying with another adult and getting Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) advice from an adult within the family were associated with recommended infant feeding practice (p= 0.001; 0.047; 0.005 and 0.029) respectively. The number of antenatal clinic attendances was also significantly associated with practising recommended infant feeding practices (p=0.000). The study found a high prevalence of adherence to recommended feeding infant practices associated with age of infant, number of ante natal care (ANC) visits, staying with, and getting infant feeding advice from an adult within the family. Health systems' follow up of mothers with older children, male partner and family involvement needs to be strengthened.

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