n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Knowledge, practices and attitudes of professional nurses on prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV at a government hospital in Mabopane, Pretoria, South Africa : competence of health care workers

Supplement 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


In Sub-Saharan Africa, where there is a critical shortage of health workers, nurses remain the core of the health workforce. Nurses' or midwives' knowledge on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is important because it is the basis on which positive changes in behaviour occur as it brings awareness, which in turn leads to action. The purpose of the study was to explore Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT)-related knowledge, attitudes, practices and if there were any barriers in terms of professional nurses at learning these latest PMTCT guidelines. The quantitative study was conducted at Odi District Hospital, in Mabopane, Pretoria amongst professional nurses. A cross-sectional design using a quantitative approach was used. The study sample consisted of 36 professional nurses drawn from Antenatal clinic (ANC), labour ward, postnatal and neonatal ICU (Intensive Care Unit), paediatric ward, and paediatric Out Patient Department (OPD). A response rate of 81% (29) was obtained. Data collection took place over a period of three weeks. Majority of the participants (93%) were female. Out of the 29 participants, 76% (22) have had training in HIV/AIDS management, and the mean score was 45.7% in terms of the knowledge about HIV and paediatric HIV statistics. The mean score on the knowledge on PMTCT was above average (69%). Most of the participants were not familiar with the latest national PMTCT guidelines.

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