n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Nutritional knowledge, feeding practices and body mass index of primary caregivers : a cross-sectional study : HIV/AIDS management and care

Supplement 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


The purpose of this study was to determine nutritional knowledge, feeding practices and BMI of primary caregivers of children younger than 18 years of age. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenient sample of participants. The Comprehensive Child Feeding Practice Questionnaire and the General Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire for adults were used to collect the data. Body mass index (BMI) scores were calculated based on self-reported height and weight measurements. An online mode of data collection was used, culminating in a final sample of 147 participants. The mean age of participants was 37.73 (SD = 8.10) years, and most of them (77.2%) were female. Three groups were created based on BMI scores. These groups were normal weight (<25 BMI score), overweight (25-30 BMI score) and obese (>30 BMI score). The results show that according to self-reported BMI, the majority of participants were overweight (46%). There were no significant differences between the three groups based on food choices and feeding practices. However, feeding practices (restrictions for weight ( = 0.29, < 0.05) and teaching about nutrition ( = 0.24, < 0.05) were significantly positively related to BMI levels of primary caregivers. Implications for healthier eating and feeding patterns are discussed.

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