n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - The perceptions of undergraduate nurses on their motivation due to empowerment in unit management by operational nurse leaders while in clinical placement : leadership and management

Supplement 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


Empowerment is a process of increasing undergraduate nurses' access to independent thought and creating an environment to allow him or her to experience the autonomy of the effects of independent thought. In this study, the term empowerment refers to participative decision-making, power-sharing, and motivation of undergraduate nurses in unit management by the operational nurse leader. It has been observed that it is difficult for undergraduate undergraduate nurses to apply management principles without any empowerment in order to perform management activities in the unit. This paper describes the perceptions of the 3rd year undergraduate nurses on their motivation due to empowerment, at an academic hospital. A quantitative, exploratory and descriptive design was followed. An accessible population of 200 undergraduate nurses at a nursing college in the Johannesburg area served as the sample. A structured self-administered questionnaire was developed on the basis of a literature review. Pre-testing of the instrument was implemented and a survey conducted. Parametric and non-parametric tests of this phenomenon did not yield any significant differences with regard to age groups and home languages. A factor analysis identified six factors, extracted from 32 items in Section B of the questionnaire. Three of these factors were included in this paper: Motivational aspects of empowerment related to autonomy and self-determination, decision-making and problem-solving, and initiative and creativity. Validity and reliability principles were applied during the research process and Cronbach's alpha reliabilities for the six factors of empowerment were computed and all showed consistency > .70. The necessary permissions were obtained for the study and the researcher adhered to ethical principles. This study concluded that operational nurse leaders needed to take certain motivational actions that would enable undergraduate nurses to execute unit management activities.

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