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n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Screening for components of metabolic syndrome among corporate executives in Gauteng Province, South Africa

Supplement 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome is an alarming epidemiological problem in the South African context. Many corporate executive employees are facing this problem due to several causes one of which is sedentary life. This study measured the predictors of metabolic syndrome of 374 (126 males and 248 females) corporate executives in the Gauteng province, South Africa. Anthropometric measurement (Stature and body mass), clinical measurement (blood pressure, total blood cholesterol and glucose levels was determined after a fasting period of ten hours using capillary blood sample obtained using finger prick) and 3 minutes step test for physical fitness were assessed. Purposive sampling method was used to select participants. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviations), Inferential and Chi-square were employed for data analysis. The statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05 and the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was also used. The results show that screening of obesity was higher in females (29.03 %) compared to males (27.77 %), whereas more males (45.23 %) scored higher in the overweight category than the females (32.66 %) and high blood pressure among men (7.9%) high than in females (6.4%). In addition, 15.32 % of females had high cholesterol compared to 15.07 % of their male counterpart. Results also demonstrate that 4.8 % of females had high glucose compared to 3.1 % of males. However, males demonstrated poor levels of physical activity (18.1%) compared to females (14.9%) thus showing that females were more physically active than males. This study indicates that participants are at risk for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.

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/content/ajpherd/20/sup-1/EJC168419
2014-12-01
2019-11-13

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