n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Movement activities : a critical link in developing motor skills and learning in early childhood

Volume 21 Number 1.2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


From birth, a newborn moves and displays continuous interest in his surroundings. The child's repertoire of movements enables him to discover his surroundings and to develop essential motor abilities. Simultaneously, he is using his sensory motor system to scour the environment. The development of the brain is reliant on a variety of experiences with movement being the first experience. The aim of this study was to conduct a literature study to determine the critical link between movement and learning as well as the impact of movement on learning. Movement and learning go hand in hand and are the initial steps on the ladder to later effective cognitive functioning. Brain science was found to strongly support the link between movement and learning and provides evidence that movement forms an important building block in the foundations of a child's growth and development. A literature study was used to investigate the critical link between movement, the brain and learning. It was therefore necessary that a neurological perspective be considered in this study in an effort to provide a conceptual analysis and substantiate the importance of motor development during the initial years of the child's development. Important findings of this research reveal movement as the foundation which helps the brain to integrate in preparation for academic work.

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