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n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - The determinants of HIV infection among learners in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa - : health

Volume 21 Number 1.2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the determinants of HIV infection amongst learners in Malelane Sub-district, of Ehlanzeni Region, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. This descriptive study involved 350 grade 10 learners who were selected using simple random sampling technique. A questionnaire containing closed and open ended questions was used for data collection. Almost half of the learners reported being afraid to get treated for sexually transmitted infection (STI) or go for voluntary counseling and testing (VCT), more above school age (ASA) learners reported ever receiving treatment for STI and 46.3 % of the learners reported being afraid to get condoms as they would be seen by nurses or other parents. More males were involved in the promotion of condom use (p = 0.03) but more females received information regarding HIV/AIDS than males (p= 0.04). Furthermore, more males (14.0%) than females (9.0%) received treatment for STI while the school age (SA) learners were more likely to ask for permission to go out in the evening than the ASA learners (p =0.00). Fewer males ask for permission to go out in the evening than females (p=0.00). More ASA learners have more friends who are sexually active than SA learners (p=0.01) and more males than females are likely to have friends who are sexually active (p=0.00). Although the level of awareness of the determinants of HIV infection and the availability of HIV preventive services rendered in the local clinics and hospitals was high, more needs to be done to encourage safer sexual behaviour in order to reduce learners' vulnerability to HIV infection.

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/content/ajpherd/21/Issue-12/EJC172405
2015-03-01
2019-10-19

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