n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Measuring the effects of maternal morbidity in pregnancy, age and parity on pregnancy outcome in a south-west Nigerian community - : health

Volume 21 Number 1.2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


The study examined the effects of maternal morbidity, age and parity on pregnancy outcome. It is a cross-sectional retrospective study of pregnant mothers who delivered in eight randomly selected health facilities located within four randomly selected local government areas (Yewa North, Yewa South, Ifo and Ado-Odo Ota) in Ogun State, Nigeria. A total of 13,903 case notes of mothers who delivered in the eight randomly selected health facilities with fairly complete records were eamined. All available records of normal and assisted deliveries were used including the associated maternal and infant characteristics for the period 2009-2011. These included the birth weight of each of the infants, infant survival at birth, maternal age and parity, and all properly diagnosed illnesses suffered by the mothers during pregnancy. The overall incidence of low birth weight (LBW) was 17.3% with mothers below 20 years of age and primiparous mothers recording the highest LBW incidences of 9.86% and 11.4%, respectively. LBW incidence for pregnant mothers diagnosed for malaria was 7.25%, those with iron deficiency anaemia recorded 2.89%, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) patients had 3.56%, while pregnancy related hypertensive patients accounted for 2.38% of the LBW incidence. Pregnant mothers diagnosed for STIs, malaria and iron deficiency anaemia delivered 209, 143 and 140 stillborn babies respectively. Also, primiparous (182) and Para 1(169) mothers recorded most of the stillborn deliveries when compared with multiparous mothers. Maternal morbidity, parity and age, were all found to be significant for LBW and stillbirths (p<0.001).

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