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n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Sedentary behaviours of government employees in South Africa : are policy makers adopting a healthy lifestyle?

Volume 21 Number 4.1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315

Abstract

Poor eating habits and physical inactivity are directly linked to health consequences. It is however, not known whether the policymakers in the department of health have adopted a healthy lifestyle which include exercising and eating healthy or not. The aim of this study therefore was to determine the level of physical activity (PA) and eating habits of employees at the Gauteng Department of Health (GDOH), South Africa. The study was conducted among 340 employees of the National Head office of the Department of Health in South Africa. Height and weight were measured; and body mass index calculated. Physical activity level was measured using a validated International Physical Activity Questionnire (IPAQ) and food frequency questionnaire was used for eating habits. The results showed that 40% of participants were overweight, and 37.6% were obese, with females being more obese than males. Of these, 54.7% were inactive and only 14.9% met the WHO-reference for PA level. There was generally a high intake of oily foods and moderate intake of sugary food. Overweight and obesity together with physical inactivity and unhealthy eating were high among GDOH employees irrespective of gender, job category and age. Work site interventions that promote healthy lifestyle are possible interventions of utmost importance at this department to minimise the risk of obesity and subsequent development of non-communciable diseases.

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/content/ajpherd/21/Issue-41/EJC182195
2015-12-01
2020-09-28

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