n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Speed Stacking : an appropriate tool to enhance academic learning in the foundation phase

Volume 21 Number 4.2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


This study addressed the efficacy of 20 minutes of speed stacking for eight weeks and 16 weeks, as an additional activity to the academic programme, in enhancing learning performance. Speed stacking is a set of 12 cups which are stacked in a specific order and requires the learner to be competent in a number of perceptual and motor skills. The main aim of the study was to determine the impact of 20 minutes of speed staking on mathematics, reading, spelling, visual motor integration, visual sequencing and general intelligence. The sample drawn from three Grade one classes, was divided into group A (N=27) and group B (N=27). Pretesting and post testing was conducted using seven academic assessments. Both groups were exposed to the speed staking intervention programme using different sequences, at different times and retested after the speed staking programme. The empirical research consisted of quantitative data which were analysed by means of paired t-tests and/or Signed rank tests, as well as one-way Wilcoxon Rank Sum test to determine whether speed stacking (and a combination of speed stacking and time lapse) improved aspects of learner performance. Quantitative data were also collected in order to determine the teachers' observations of the impact of the study to serve as additional information to the academic assessments. Apart from the significance of the effect of the speed stacking intervention programme, the timing of the programmes proved to be significant.

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