n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - A model examining the relationship between parenting, and decision making on healthy lifestyle behaviours of adolescents in rural Western Cape, South Africa : sport education and community development

Supplement 1
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


The Health Promotion Model provides a theoretical framework exploring the relationships which aid healthy lifestyle behaviours of individuals, such as participation in sport and recreational activities. Research indicates that a number of health risk behaviours are established in adolescence and affect health and well-being in later life. This study therefore examined the relationship between parenting styles and decision making styles on healthy lifestyle behaviours of adolescents in the rural Western Cape, South Africa. The sample consisted of 457 secondary school learners in the Overberg Education District, Western Cape. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to test the goodness of fit of the constructs within the proposed model, followed by the structural model testing using the Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS). The results suggest that a significant positive relationship exists between maternal parenting styles and decision making styles of adolescents (r= .196; p < 0.01). Furthermore, the findings suggest that paternal parenting styles positively affect the decision making styles of adolescents (r= .137; p < 0.01) as well as their engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviours (r= .195; p < 0.01). The goodness of fit indices in the confirmatory factor analysis suggests a good model fit (GFI= .966; CFI=.990; RMSEA= .042). The findings presented in the current study suggest the important role that parents play in adolescent decision making styles and healthy lifestyle behaviours, particularly the role of fathers.

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