n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Knowledge on reproductive health among high school pupils in the Hhohho region, Swaziland : adolescent sexual health and behaviour

Supplement 2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


During the development of sexual and reproductive maturity, adolescents experiences extensive physical, psychological, emotional, and personality changes. This heightened curiosity about bodily changes and sexual feelings is associated with various risks including unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS. This quantitative descriptive cross-sectional survey aimed to document the knowledge in the domain of sexual and reproductive health (RH) among high school pupils from three schools in the Hhohho Region of Swaziland. A validated structured self-administered questionnaire was utilized to collect data from high school pupils between the ages of 15-19 years. A total of 375 parent consent forms were distributed; 317 were received with 27 questionnaires found to be incomplete resulting in a final response rate of 77.3% (290/375). In general the student's knowledge could be regarded as average with 23.1% (67/290) scoring 50% and less; 61.7% (179/290) scoring between 50% to 75% and 15.0% (44/290) scoring above 75% answering the questions with regards to knowledge on HIV/AIDS, STI's, contraceptive and condom use. Parents rarely discussed sexual matters with pupils even though a majority of them lived in the same household while mothers [41.0% (119/290)] and teachers [25.9% (75/290)] were found to be an important source of RH information. The majority of pupils have factual sexual and reproductive knowledge to be able to make healthy and responsible sexual health decisions.

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