n African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance - Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and perceptions about HIV-positive people among primary school learners in Soshanguve, Pretoria, South Africa : perspectives of HIV and AIDS across populations

Supplement 2
  • ISSN : 1117-4315


Lack of HIV/AIDS knowledge among young children have increased the fear of HIV infection resulting in their negative attitudes towards people affected by HIV and AIDS. This study aimed to determine the knowledge of HIV/AIDS and perception of primary school learners about HIV positive people in Soshanguve. A quantitative cross sectional descriptive survey design was conducted among 370 learners in grades 6 and 7, respectively. The age ranged from 10 to 15 years old. Data were collected using researcher-assisted-questionnaires with closed-ended questions. The findings show that the learners had a mean knowledge score of 19.8 from 27 knowledge-related questions. Accordingly, 44% (163) had high knowledge level classified with a knowledge score of greater or equal to 75%, 52% (n=191) had moderate knowledge classified with a knowledge score of 51% to 74% score, and 4% (n=16) had low knowledge level with less than or equal to 50% score of knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS Learners (53%) had positive perception about HIV positive people and there was a significant association between high knowledge level and positive perception. Primary school learners have knowledge levels of HIV transmission but there were knowledge gaps and misconceptions in most of knowledge regarding HIV prevention and control. The misconceptions about HIV/AIDS may provide some reasons why some of the learners have negative perceptions of HIV positive people.

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