1887

n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Die Nederlandse akademiese boikot teen Suid-Afrika : 'n ontleding s (2)

Volume 56 Number 4-2
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract


The year 1960 was a watershed in South Africa's history. The shootings at Sharpeville, 21 March 1960, had a negative impact on South Africa's foreign relations. South Africa and the Netherlands became estranged. The boycott and sanctions movement would set in.
In 1962 the UN General Assembly set up the Special Committee against Apartheid. In 1968 the General Assembly asked all member states to suspend cultural, educational and sporting exchanges with South Africa. In 1980 the General Assembly adopted a resolution asking all member states to take steps to prevent all cultural, academic, sports and other exchanges with South Africa. A similar resolution was adopted in 1983. The European Community adopted a series of measures in 1985, inter alia to discourage cultural, sporting and scientific contacts with South Africa.
The Soweto uprising in 1976 and the death of Steve Biko in 1977 led to an outcry in the Netherlands. The Dutch government thus froze the Cultural Accord with South Africa in 1977 and it was finally abandoned in 1981.
The Anti-Apartheidsbeweging Nederland (AABN) (Anti-aparthed movement of the Netherlands) published in 1980 a (Black book concerning scientific contacts between the Netherlands and South Africa). The AABN strongly condemned scientific and academic contacts between the Netherlands and South Africa. They were also very supportive of the African National Congress (ANC). Dr. Zola Skweyiya of the scientific bureau of the ANC visited the Netherlands in 1980. He was received with open arms at Dutch universities.

Die jare '60 en '70 in Nederland is gekenmerk deur 'n demokratiseringsproses. Dit sou daartoe lei dat die jeug medeseggenskap sou opeis in beleidsake. Dit was veral van belang wat die universiteitswese betref. Die links-radikale studentemassa was dus 'n faktor wat nie verontagsaam kon word nie. Nederlandse universiteite was onder druk om meer maatskaplik betrokke en relevant te word. Anti-apartheid het dus 'n populêre slagspreuk geword. Nederland en Suid-Afrika het toenemend vreemd geword vir mekaar.


Nederlandse universiteite in Amsterdam, Utrecht, Groningen en Leiden het almal hul akademiese bande met Suid-Afrikaanse universiteite verbreek. 'n Boikot- en isolasiebeleid is gevolg, aangevuur deur links-radikale studente en anti-apartheidsorganisasies. Nederlandse universiteite het eredoktorsgrade toegeken aan anti-apartheidsaktiviste soos C.F. Beyers Naudé, Govan Mbeki en Winnie Mandela, vanweë hulle uitgesproke teenstand teen apartheid. Die universiteite het ook noue bande met die ANC gesmee.
Blanke Suid-Afrikaanse studente en dosente was dus nie meer welkom op die kampusse van Nederlandse universiteite nie. Jonger Afrikaanssprekende akademici het hul rug al hoe meer op Nederland gekeer. Nederlands as akademiese taal het dus veld verloor in Suid-Afrika. Daarenteen het Engels as akademiese taal veld gewen.

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/content/akgees/2016/Issue-4_2/EJC199922
2016-12-15
2020-07-10

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