n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Casusaanduiding in het Afrikaans en andere (Indo-) Germaanse talen : een vergelijkende schets

Volume 41, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0041-4751


The introduction found in section 1 provides an outline of (a) the Indo-European morphological case system and its development out of adposition constructions, and (b) the replacement of morphological case by prepositional constructions, focusing on agentive instrumentals, genitives, datives and accusatives.
Section 2 offers a discussion of the genitive in the various Germanic languages. The view is taken that (a) the prenominal (group) genitive in English (cf ) and the other Germanic languages is to be analysed as a determiner; (b) 's has undergone reanalysis as a postposition, thus resembling Afrikaans se, which is compared with its counterparts in Dutch, Frisian, German and Scandinavian.
Section 3 is devoted to prepositional object constructions. A fairly detailed comparison is made between Afrikaans vir constructions and similar constructions in Spanish. It is argued that the primary choice in these languages is that between personal and non-personal objects, the choice between direct and indirect objects being only a secondary one. Reference is also made to several other Romance languages / dialects as well as two Semitic languages (Hebrew and Maltese).
The conclusion is that the development of the Afrikaans vir and se constructions can be viewed as a return to the Proto-Indo-European analytic system of case marking.

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