n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Ekonomiese gevolge van Suid-Afrika se demografiese tendense

Volume 42, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0041-4751


The demographic scene in South Africa permits us to demonstrate the economic effects of population movements by way of contrasting the experience of the high fertility, youthful black population and that of the demographically older non-blacks. The latter's total fertility rate is, at 2,1 equal to the replacement level, and slightly more than one half of that of blacks / Africans. Since the latter constitute some three-quarters of the total South African population, the emphasis is inevitably on the economic consequences of rapid population growth and its attendant demographic attributes. Population is portrayed in its role as consumer and as producer, and in both roles the adversative relationship between human quantity and economic quantity is evinced. Whatever admirable social qualities may inhere in a culture of high fertility, there is no economic merit in additions to the population that are destined to add to the ranks of the unskilled, the unemployed and the poverty stricken. The economic value of such lives is negative; they impoverish the community.

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