n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Globalisering en die staat en implikasies vir internasionale veiligheid

Volume 43, Issue 1_2
  • ISSN : 0041-4751


The narrow state-centric paradigm of security is tied to the notion of the protection of national interest confined to a specific sovereign territory. But with the forces of globalisation gaining momentum, the concept of territoriality has increasingly become unbundled. Conventional wisdom has it that globalisation, as a process being imposed from the outside, affects the ability of the state to monopolise violence and to provide security to its citizens. However, globalisation does not merely change the external environment within which states operate, but also simultaneously reflects internal change in the very nature of states' security functions. This synergy between the processes of globalisation and state transformation is paradoxically marked by a high degree of ambiguity in the policy arena, particularly when territorial and global interests clash. This article sets out to explore a conceptual framework of understanding of the interaction between globalisation, security and the state. A number of trends in the areas of human security and global military networks of arms trade, production and technological innovation are examined. The article then highlights state and nonstate responses to these trends by focusing on private and public forms of governance, such as the privatisation of security and the rise of international security regimes. In the final instance, some strategic options for states are briefly considered.

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