n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Toeriste met oop visums : reiservaringe in 'n globale kultuur

Volume 43, Issue 1_2
  • ISSN : 0041-4751


The postmodern celebration of diversity has ostensibly not terminated the issue of plurality and diversity. In spite of many occurrences in human history which expressed the diversity of our world, human thought seems to return irrevocably to unity in order to map the world and make sense of things. One of the complex outcomes of 'unity-thinking' is the linking of unity to morality and the good. Unity is good, one God, certainty, and security while diversity is the moral opposite. This position promotes an exclusivist ethnocentric morality. Unity and diversity are discussed as they come to the fore in globalism. Some positive and negative side-effects are discussed with reference to economic globalisation. In the context of cyber space human citizenship has become open and universal. Attention is given to the post-Apartheid Afrikaner community's experience of cultural fragmentation, dislocation, isolation and alienation and the search for a new cultural identity. To realise the ideal of integrating diversity the modes of thinking linked to essentialism will have to change. This influences the perceptions people hold of different religions, different cultures and the idea of fixed creeds and confessions. To overcome essentialism two solutions are offered and discussed: narrative identity and the example from socio-biology stressing the interaction between organism and environment. The paper concludes with ubuntu as the African example of communal interdependence and the way it deals with diversity.

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