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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Kan moraliteit as universele verskynsel geag word? Enkele opmerkings vanuit die Sielkunde

Volume 47, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract

Moraliteit en die uitlewing daarvan is 'n komplekse verskynsel wat vanuit verskillende standpunte benader en verklaar kan word. Kulturele relatiwiteit teenoor kulturele universaliteit is een van die tersaaklike vraagstukke wat voortdurend teoretiese en empiriese debatvoering ontlok. Eenstemmigheid oor die werklike aard van moraliteit is steeds nie bereik nie. Dit blyk dat moraliteit en die ontwikkeling daarvan deur verskeie faktore en verskillende kombinasies daarvan beïnvloed en bepaal word. Aangesien dit die hoeksteen vorm van ordelike samelewings en geslaagde interpersoonlike- en groepverhoudings, moet morele ontwikkeling en morele herlewing aangemoedig en bevorder word tot voordeel van die individu, groep en samelewing as geheel. Biologiese, individuele, kulturele, sosiale en omgewingsfaktore speel elk 'n unieke rol en behoort voortdurend deur ouers, opvoeders, godsdienstige organisasies, die media, gemeenskaps- en nasionale leiers in ag geneem te word ter bevordering van die moreel volwasse en bevoegde persoon.


Morality and moral development are complex phenomena that have been investigated by, amongst others, philosophers, psychologists, theologians and anthropologists. One of the most relevant issues regarding morality, also in the South African context, is that of cultural universality versus cultural relativity. A brief discussion of different approaches to this issue is presented from the viewpoint of various psychological studies and opinions. Psychological research forms the basis of the question regarding the universal nature of morality and whether the concept of universal moral truth is based on a myth. Many researchers admit the presence of a shared nucleus that is indicative of shared values transcending culture, gender and spirituality. However, other research findings again, validate the view of cultural relativism for morality and moral development. The conclusion is reached that the topic is such a vast and complicated one, that more research needs to be done before any real answers can be provided. It seems, however, that morality and moral development are determined by various personal, social and emotional factors and different combinations thereof. The only certainty that can be provided is that morality forms the basis of successful interpersonal relationships and well functioning societies throughout the world. It, therefore, needs the careful and continuous attention of parents, peers, educators, the media, spiritual leaders, society leaders and political leaders to ensure that each individual has a fair opportunity to realise his / her full potential within a secure moral environment.

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/content/akgees/47/2/EJC20034
2007-06-01
2019-08-21

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