1887

n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Die belewing van betekenisvolheid deur 'n groep Suid-Afrikaners s

Volume 50 Number 3
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract

Positiewe sielkunde, of psigofortologie, fokus op die verstaan en bevordering van psigologiese welstand. Dit is ook gerig op die identifisering en uitbou van sterkpunte by individue, families en gemeenskappe om lewenskwaliteit te bevorder en om voorkomend op te tree. Vanuit verskeie konseptualiserings oor psigologiese welstand het twee denkskole ontstaan, naamlik die hedoniese en eudaimoniese perspektiewe. Betekenisvolheid is een van die kernaspekte van die eudaimoniese verwysingsraamwerk en 'n belangrike komponent vir die verstaan van psigologiese welstand. Hierdie studie fokus op die persoonlike ervaring van betekenisvolheid deur individue op grondvlak. Kwalitatiewe en kwantitatiewe data-insamelingsmetodes is gebruik en aandag is spesifiek gegee aan die belewing van betekenisvolheid in verskillende lewensdomeine. Ewe veel mans en vrouens (N=104) tussen die ouderdomme 30 en 50 jaar, en ewe veel met sekondêre of tersiêre opleiding, het die Eudaimonic-Hedonic Happiness Instrument (EHHI-i) voltooi nadat ingeligte toestemming verkry is. Kwalitatiewe data is gekodeer, in hoërorde-kategorieë geabstraheer en getransformeer in persentasies response per kategorie. Kwantitatiewe gegewens se gemiddelde tellings per lewensdomein is bereken. Die resultate van die kwalitatiewe sowel as die kwantitatiewe data dui daarop dat familie (1) en spiritualiteit (2) die lewensdomeine is waarin individue die meeste betekenisvolheid ervaar. Daarna volg die lewensdomeine werk, gesondheid, interpersoonlike verhoudinge en persoonlike groei. Die lewensdomeine waarin die respondente die minste betekenisvolheid ervaar het, is ontspanning, lewenstandaard, en gemeenskaps- en sosiale aktiwiteite. Die bevindinge het teoretiese en praktiese implikasies.


In the field of positive psychology, or psychofortology, there are many theories and explanations about the nature of psychological well-being and how it can be enhanced, yet little is known about lay people's experiences and definitions of happiness, meaningfulness and other facets of well-being. The focus of this study is on meaningfulness as a facet of psychological well-being. In the search for an encompassing conceptualisation of psychological well-being two schools of thought have emerged, namely the hedonic and eudaimonic perspectives. Meaningfulness is a core component of well-being as conceptualised in the eudaimonic perspective. Little is known about how important various life domains are in people's experiences of meaningfulness, and whether there are differences among life domains in this regard. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore what the most meaningful things were in the lives of a group of South Africans as experienced by them on ground level, and what the role of different life domains were in their experience of meaningfulness. As cultural factors may influence the importance of various expressions of psychological well-being, it was decided to select a culturally homogeneous (relatively individualistic) group of Afrikaans and English-speaking participants in early adulthood for this explorative study.

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/content/akgees/50/3/EJC20204
2010-09-01
2019-12-08

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