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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - 'n Vergelykende studie van etiese persepsies tussen bestuur en werknemers binne die produksieafdeling van 'n multinasionale landboumaatskappy - : navorsings- en oorsigartikel

Volume 51, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract

Hierdie artikel het ten doel om die etiese profi ele vir werknemers in die bestuursafdeling en werknemers in die produksie-afdeling van 'n multinasionale saadmaatskappy te ontleed, en om te bepaal of daar enige verskille ten opsigte van etiese persepsies in dié twee groepe is. Dit is vermag deur van 'n vraelys wat verskillende scenario's wat as potensieel korrup geklassifiseer kan word, gebruik te maak, en waarvan die ingesteldheid van die respondente ten opsigte van hierdie scenario's dan gemeet is. Beskrywende statistiek is gebruik om die etiese profiele te ontleed, terwyl praktiese betekenisvolheid, oftewel die effekgrootte, gebruik is om die verskille tussen die twee groepe respondente te identifiseer. Die resultate het getoon dat werknemers in beide die bestuurs- en die produksie-afdeling in die maatskappy sterk etiese profiele ten opsigte van die scenario's wat individuele gedrag meet, geopenbaar het. Aangaande scenario's wat die gedrag van maatskappye meet, is daar gevind dat beide bestuur en werknemers in die produksie-afdeling 'n aantal van hierdie scenario's as aanvaarbaar geïdentifiseer het. Wat egter opmerklik is, is dat hierdie scenario's as "grysgebiede" of sagte onderwerpe geklassifi seer kan word, waar daar nie duidelike riglyne ten opsigte van wat reg of verkeerd is, bestaan nie. Prakties betekenisvolle verskille is waargeneem vir vyf van die veertien scenario's tussen hierdie twee groepe, alhoewel werknemers in beide groepe steeds etiesgeneigde profiele ten opsigte van maatskappygedrag getoon het. Daar is tot die slotsom gekom dat werknemers in die maatskappy wel oor hoë etiese standaarde beskik, gebaseer op die etiese profiele van beide bestuurslede en werknemers in die produksieafdeling.


The importance of business ethics and ethical conduct in business dealings has taken on new interest in recent times. Universal codes of conduct have been drafted by many multinational organisations to provide a uniform set of guidelines for ethical conduct expected from employees in companies. Often, when such codes are complied with, they do not consider the environment in which affiliates of the companies operate, which may cause codes of conduct to become nothing more than ideas merely written on paper. The aim of this study was to develop ethical profiles for management and the production employees within a multinational seed production company in South Africa, and to determine whether there were any differences regarding ethical perceptions within and between these groups. This company serves as an excellent case study where a code of conduct on ethical behaviour was formulated and strategically managed. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire presenting different scenarios measuring the attitudes of participants towards business practices that may be viewed as potentially corrupt. Descriptive statistics were used to develop ethical profiles for each of the different groups, while practical significance or effect sizes were used to identify practical significant differences between the groups. Results indicated that employees in both the management and production departments at the company showed ethical profiles that had strong ethical inclinations. There were no significant differences observed between the two groups concerning the scenarios depicting behaviour of individuals. Regarding the behaviour of the company, it was found that both management and employees in production found a number of these scenarios acceptable. However, these scenarios could be classified as the "grey areas" or soft issues, where there are no clear guidelines, rules or laws assisting the individual as to what can be considered right or wrong. Practical significant differences were observed between the two groups for five of the fourteen scenarios. However, it was found that employees in both groups still showed ethically inclined profiles with regard to company behaviour. It was concluded that employees at the company do indeed possess substantial levels of ethical standards, based on the ethical profiles of both management and the employees in production. However, room for improvement on ethical behaviour, specifically with regard to the perceptions of company behaviour, was identified.

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/content/akgees/51/3/EJC20242
2011-09-01
2019-08-26

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