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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - : 'n honderd jaar van die Afrikaanse kunslied - : navorsings- en oorsigartikel

Volume 51, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract

Die ontwikkeling van die Afrikaanse kunslied kan herlei word na die eerste voorbeeld daarvan, 'n toonsetting deur Jan Gysbert Bosman (ook bekend as Bosman di Ravelli) in 1908 van wat beskou word as die eerste volwasse gedig in dié jong taal, d.w.s. Eugène Marais se ikoniese teks, . In 'n breër perspektief begin die geskiedenis van die Afrikaanse lied met volksmusiekagtige pogings voor die eeuwending, deur die patriotiese lied in die jare onmiddellik na die Anglo-Boereoorlog (soos dié van Stephen Eyssen), tot by populêre liedere gedurende die twintigerjare, op die patroon van die Engelse "drawingroom" ballades, deur Stephen le Roux Marais. Die koms van die digkuns van die dertigerjare het ook die verskyning van die Afrikaanse kunslied, op die patroon van Europese modelle, ingelui. Hierdie era het gekulmineer in Arnold van Wyk se siklus (1953). Dit is interessant dat die begin van die Afrikaanse kunslied saamval met die afname van die Europese kunslied-tradisie, wat egter steeds in stand gehou word deur 'n groep plaaslike liedkomponiste en -bewonderaars.


The development of the art song in Afrikaans can be traced back to the earliest example, a setting of the poem that can be considered the first of the young language, i.e. Eugène Marais' iconic text, (A Winter Night), composed by Jan Gysbert Bosman (pseud. Bosman di Ravelli) in 1908. In broader perspective the history of song began with early folklike attempts before the turn of the century, through patriotic song in the years immediately after the Anglo-Boer war (such as those by Stephen Eyssen), to popular songs during the 20's, on Afrikaans texts, written in the manner of the popular English drawing-room ballad, by Stephen le Roux Marais. The advent of the poetry of the 1930's also heralded the emergence of an independent art song tradition on European models, culminating in Arnold van Wyk's cycle (1953). Interestingly the advent of Afrikaans song coincided with the waning of the European tradition, but is still upheld by a handful of local composers and admirers of the art song.

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/content/akgees/51/4/EJC20253
2011-12-01
2019-10-19

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