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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Die stand van kurrikulumstudie binne opvoedkundefakulteite aan Suid-Afrikaanse universiteite : navorsings- en oorsigartikel - : navorsings- en oorsigartikel

Volume 52, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract

'n Navorsingsprojek is gedurende 2010-2011 onderneem om 'n grondige ondersoek te doen na die ontwikkeling en die huidige stand van kurrikulumstudie aan Suid-Afrikaanse universiteite, spesifiek binne opvoedkundefakulteite. Wat beteken dit indien daar van 'n Suid-Afrikaanse kurrikulumstudie gepraat word? Wat is die stand van kurrikulumstudie aan Suid-Afrikaanse universiteite? Hoe het kurrikulumstudie as studieveld in Suid-Afrika ontwikkel? Tot watter mate word kurrikulumstudie aan Suid-Afrikaanse universiteite in die besonder in fakulteite waar onderwysersopleiding plaasvind, as studieveld/navorsingsterrein beoefen? Wat is die aard en omvang van kurrikulumteorie binne die betrokke studieveld in die SA konteks, en geniet dit nog die nodige aandag? Tot watter mate word onderwysers voorberei om effektiewe kurrikulumagente te wees deur doelmatige bemagtiging ten opsigte van kurrikulumstudie deur hulle in staat te stel om kurrikulum te kan bedink en te herkonseptualiseer?


Om hierdie vrae te beantwoord, is 'n literatuurstudie en vraelysondersoek tydens die projek geloods, aangevul met ter plaatse besoeke en onderhoude. Die resultate dui daarop dat kurrikulumstudie as studieveld nie heeltemal tot sy reg kom nie en dat die dominante beskouing fokus op die praktiese aspekte daarvan, met ander woorde hoe onderwysstudente voorberei kan word om die betrokke skoolvak aan te bied. 'n Grondige begrip van kurrikulumstudie en hoë vlakke van akademieskap ("scholarship") is beperk tot slegs enkele sentra. Daar bestaan nie so iets soos 'n unieke Suid-Afrikaanse kurrikulumstudie nie en daar is veel ruimte vir verbetering. Strategieë sal gereed gekry moet word om op 'n gekoördineerde wyse kurrikulumstudie as studieveld in Suid-Afrika te vestig en te ontwikkel.


When educational issues are highlighted in the South African context, it is clear many of the problems are curriculum related. A reflection on and investigation into these issues is often required as many of these issues are contextualised within a certain practice. Within each curriculum context there will be curriculum practitioners with varying levels of expertise. South Africa has gone through a number of curriculum changes over the last years, for example a completely new school curriculum with its own implementation challenges, teachers who were not properly prepared to implement these changes, little involvement of teachers who should be the key curriculum change agents and a shortage of curriculum specialists. If a curriculum is to succeed and meet its goals, then key roleplayers, such as teachers and other curriculum specialists need to be enabled to engage critically with the curriculum. Teachers therefore need to be properly prepared with regard to curriculum studies to enable them to ask critical questions, to reflect critically on the curriculum they have to implement and to become creatively involved in curriculum development as curriculum inquirers. Barrow (1984:13) is of the opinion that it is curriculum theory which will determine and set standards for effective curriculum practices. Are teachers in South Africa able to do this as it requires high levels of theorising?
Teachers as key curriculum agents, need to have a sound understanding of curriculum studies and the question arises as to who is responsible to provide opportunities to achieve this goal? In this regard, teacher training institutions have a most important role to play.
What is meant by a South African curriculum studies? What is the current state of curriculum studies as an independent study field in faculties of education at South African universities? How has the field of curriculum studies developed in South Africa? To what extent is curriculum theory included in teacher training programmes? To what extent are teachers exposed to and trained in curriculum theory? Is curriculum studies an independent field of study in its own right within teacher training programmes at faculties of education at South African universities.
This article reports on an investigation which was done to find answers to some of these questions and to try and get a view of what the state of curriculum studies is in teachers training programmes in faculties of education at South African universities. Curriculum studies is a field of study in its own right which investigates the phenomenon of curriculum so that the curriculum can be optimally developed and implemented. It is a well-established research field which needs to be continually investigated in order to understand curriculum better. Very little research has been done in South Africa on curriculum theory and how it is accommodated in teacher training programmes at South African universities.

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/content/akgees/52/4/EJC129920
2012-12-01
2019-08-22

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