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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - "Dis 'n tydbom ... die skip gaan sink" : emosionele welsyn van Hoërskool-opvoeders in die Helderberg-area van die Wes-Kaap : navorsings- en oorsigartikels

Volume 53 Number 3
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract


International research on education shows that educators are continuously undergoing extreme pressure in their work environments. The experience of this pressure combined with external demands (stressors), such as parental expectations and socio-economic challenges, pose a direct threat to their holistic wellness as well as that of the school as organisation. Continuous exposure to extensive demands can eventually lead to emotional illnesses such as burnout and depression. Emotional wellbeing encompasses mental health, emotional intelligence, development of relationships as well as the social development of people, and is an important dimension of an individual's wellness. Concern about educators' wellness, and more specifically their emotional wellbeing, stems from the fact that teachers are the providers and facilitators of wellness to school children. Thus, when educators' wellness is at risk it also threatens the wellness of the learners and the school as an organisation. A variety of national and international studies have shed light on the causes of stress and emotional illness amongst educators. Pertinent stressors identified for South African education include curriculum changes, the implementation of new education policies, multicultural and multilingual classes, overcrowded classes and poor collaboration between educators and management. Few studies have reported on educators' understanding and experience of these stressors. This article outlines six educators' personal constructions of their emotional wellbeing.

Navorsing oor die onderwys toon wêreldwyd dat opvoeders se werksomgewing sowel as eksterne eise, byvoorbeeld ouers se verwagtinge en sosio-ekonomiese uitdagings, opvoeders voortdurend onder druk plaas. Ekstensiewe blootstelling aan hierdie eise kan lei tot 'n negatiewe effek op hul eie persoonlike welstand sowel as die welstand van die skool as organisasie. Herhaalde blootstelling aan stres kan uiteindelik tot emosionele siektes soos uitbranding en depressie onder opvoeders lei. Alhoewel heelwat studies reeds onderneem is om meer lig te werp op wat aanleiding gee tot die belewing van stres en emosionele siektes in die onderwysomgewing, poog min van hulle om die opvoeders se begrip en belewing van stressors in hulle werkskonteks na te vors. Hierdie artikel doen verslag oor ses opvoeders se persoonlike konstruksies van hul emosionele welsyn. Die konteks was die Helderberg-area in die Wes-Kaap wat deur agt hoërskole bedien word. Die opvoeders was werksaam in twee voormalige model-C-hoërskole, en twee voormalige model-D-hoërskole (histories bruin skole). Die bevindinge toon dat die opvoeders emosioneel broos is en spesifieke gedragspatrone toon. Hulle rapporteer 'n afname in produktiwiteit en werksetiek, reaksionêre of gewelddadige gedrag, die blamering van ander en paranoïede-tipe gedrag wat met hul oorwegend negatiewe emosies geassosieer word.

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/content/akgees/53/3/EJC141985
2013-09-01
2019-10-20

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