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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - 'n Ontleding van vergoedingsneigings in die Suid-Afrikaanse staatsdiens, 2005 tot 2012 : navorsings- en oorsigartikels

Volume 53 Number 4
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract


This paper disaggregates reasons for recent growth in civil service (central government and provincial governments) remuneration in South Africa. This paper draws on an earlier paper published in this journal in 2010 (Padayachee & Rossouw 2010), but has a different emphasis. Padayachee & Rossouw (2010) assessed the relative remuneration levels of two civil service positions in comparison to one another and compared the nominal purchasing power of the remuneration of one of these positions over time, compared to the nominal prices of items purchased by households. This paper reports a first dissemination of the reasons for the overall increase in the civil service remuneration bill over the period of comparison (2005 to 2012); something that has not been done in South Africa before. The selection of civil service positions used for comparative purposes in this paper was determined by the availability of historic and current remuneration information over the period of comparison, as well as the remuneration structures applicable to these positions. The available information made possible a comparison on the basis of cost-to-company remuneration. This is the only suitable approach, given the introduction of amendments to tax legislation and other changes in remuneration practices, rendering salaries of positions as a basis of comparison obsolete. The main objective of this paper is to disaggregate reasons for South Africa's growing public sector remuneration bill over the period 2005 to 2012. To this end this paper tests five hypotheses, namely (i) remuneration is compared with inflation over the period 2005 to 2012 to ascertain the degree in which inflation and real adjustments explain the increase in the remuneration bill; (ii) in comparing remuneration in 2005 and in 2012, possible structural remuneration changes are assessed; (iii) civil service employment figures are analysed as a possible explanation of the increase in the remuneration bill; (iv) higher remuneration levels for existing staff owing to notch adjustments, promotions and new appointments (i.e. employment growth) at more senior levels are analysed as possible contributors to the growth in the remuneration bill over the period of comparison; and (v) the creation of new government departments at national level is considered as a possible factor contributing to the growth in the remuneration bill over the period of comparison. All the hypotheses are confirmed. The analysis shows that the nominal remuneration bill in the civil service increased by 145,6 per cent over the period 2005 to 2012. Adjustments to compensate for inflation, changes in remuneration notches, promotions and appointments at more senior levels, and a structural adjustment in remuneration in favour of more senior staff in the civil service all made contributions to the increase in the remuneration bill.

Hierdie artikel ontleed onlangse vergoedingsneigings in die Suid-Afrikaanse staatsdiens (sentrale regering en provinsiale regerings) om redes vir die nominale toename van 145,6 persent in die vergoedingsrekening van die Suid-Afrikaanse staatsdiens vanaf 2005 tot 2012 te bepaal. Die artikel is aanvullend tot navorsing wat in 2010 in hierdie tydskrif gepubliseer is (Padayachee & Rossouw 2010). Die fokus verskil egter van die vorige navorsing. Die artikel toets vyf hipoteses, naamlik (i) vergoeding word met inflasie vir die betrokke tydperk vergelyk om te bepaal in watter mate inflasie en reële aanpassings die toename verklaar; (ii) op grond van 'n vergelyking van die vergoeding van twee poste in die staatsdiens in 2005 en in 2012 word getoets of struktuurveranderings in vergoeding plaasgevind het; (iii) indiensneming in die staatsdiens word ontleed as 'n moontlike verklaring vir die toename in die vergoedingsrekening; (iv) hoër vergoedingsvlakke vir bestaande personeel weens kerfverhogings binne dieselfde posvlak, bevorderings van bestaande personeel en nuwe aanstellings (m.a.w. personeelgroei) op meer senior vlakke word ontleed as moontlike verklarings vir die groei in die vergoedingsrekening; en (v) die moontlikheid dat die skepping van nuwe staatsdepartemente op nasionale vlak tot die groei in die vergoedingsrekening bygedra het, word ontleed. Al die hipoteses word aanvaar. Vergoeding wat bo die inflasiekoers aangepas is en 'n skerp styging in indiensname is redes vir die toename in die staatsdiens se vergoedingsrekening. Staatsdiensvergoeding toon ook 'n struktuuraanpassing oor die tydperk van vergelyking, hoewel nie op middelbestuurvlakke tot onder direkteure nie, maar op topbestuurvlakke. Meer personeel, kerfverhogings, bevorderings en nuwe senior aanstellings het ook tot die toename in die vergoedingsrekening bygedra, asook meer staatsdepartemente. Laasgenoemde aspek is nie direk kwantifiseerbaar nie, maar word deur bevorderings en nuwe senior aanstellings weerspieël. 'n Verdere bevinding is dat die voortsetting van onlangse neigings in die staatsdiens se vergoedingskoste onvolhoubaar en onbekostigbaar is.

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/content/akgees/53/4/EJC146706
2013-12-01
2019-08-21

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