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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Evaluasie van die Afrika-Unie as internasionale organisasie - : navorsings- en oorsigartikel

Volume 54, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0041-4751

Abstract

Die halfeeu-viering van die Organisasie vir Afrika-Eenheid (OAE) en die eerste dekade van die Afrika-Unie (AU) is gedurende 2013 gevier. Hierdie studie evalueer die sukses van die AU as internasionale organisasie (IO). Eerstens is die teorie van IO's bestudeer, wat daarna as agtergrond dien deur middel waarvan die Afrika-Unie geassesseer kan word. Die rol en optrede van die AU in besondere gebeure, soos in Zimbabwe, Somaliland, die Arabiese lente, die DRK en Darfoer, is teen hierdie teoretiese agtergrond beoordeel.


Daar is bevind dat die AU gedurende sy eerste dekade 'n groot mate van sukses op sekere gebiede bereik het, maar dat dit ook in baie gevalle nog gebrekkig gebly het. Die AU het 'n al groter wordende rol om te speel in die internasionale arena as supranasionale regering, en as bemiddelaar van streeksintegrasie en samewerking. Hulle was suksesvol om 'n kollektiewe internasionale ekonomiese eenheid te vorm, maar het meestal misluk om konflikte te beredder en 'n kultuur van demokrasie te vestig. Die slotsom is dat alhoewel die AU gemengde resultate behaal het, daar 'n groeiende sukseskoers bestaan en dat die AU dus nie sonder meer as 'n algehele mislukking bestempel kan word nie.


The half centenary of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the first decade of the African Union (AU) were celebrated during 2013. The OAU was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, with the aim to promote unity among African countries and to improve the fate of their peoples. On 9 July 2002, it was transformed into the African Union in Durban. The main objectives of the latter are the economic and political integration of the African continent. This study aims to evaluate the successes and failures of the African Union as an international organisation (IO). Africa is one of the poorest and least developed regions in the world. This debate is therefore of critical importance to the people of the Southern African region (World Bank 2013).
This evaluation provides a broad overview and focus on the major challenges that the AU is facing. In this study, the AU is assessed using the theoretical criteria set by the theory of international organisations. The results revealed that the AU is only partially successful and that internal divisions remain a barrier.

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/content/akgees/54/2/EJC154728
2014-06-01
2019-08-26

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