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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - "Die gedig is spel" - fasette van spel in enkele gedigte van T.T. Cloete - : navorsings- en oorsigartikel

Volume 55, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0041-4751
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Abstract

Die uitgangspunt van hierdie ondersoek is dat die poësie van T.T. Cloete benader kan word as 'n voortdurende spel - 'n spel wat outeur, teks en leser in die literêre diskoers betrek, maar wat ook gelees kan word as 'n bepaalde poëtikale opvatting. Hierdie digterlike en talige spel mond onder andere uit as 'n verwysingspel wat as skryfmodus ooreenkom met Cloete se poëtikale opvatting dat poësie 'n spel is van die dromende denke. Huizinga (1952) se tese dat poësie in spel en as spel gebore is, word in talle gedigte bevestig, want die nosie van spel het betrekking op die ontstaan van die gedig, sowel as op die bestaande gedig. Aan die hand van enkele geselekteerde gedigte en gediganalises word verskillende fasette van spel in Cloete se digterskap verken: die speelse karakter as lewenshouding; spel as digterlike strategie wat dikwels setel in 'n spel van magsverhoudings; die verhouding: spel, erotiek en taal, of die verband tussen die liggaam, die gedig en spel; en die talige besweringsmoontlikheid wat die-gedig-as-spel inhou waar dit gerig is op tydelike opheffing van die mens se eksistensiële lewens- en doodsangs, terwyl dit terselfdertyd ook dié moontlikheid ondermyn.


The rationale of this investigation is that the poetry of TT Cloete can be approached as continuous play - play that involves the author, text and reader in the literary discourse, but that can also be read as a specific poetic conception. Cloete raised explicit verse-external opinions with regard to play, for example: "The poem is play, even body-play." (Freely translated.) Although Cloete made the statement within the context of the creation of a specific poem, it is, however, a poetic perception that could be applied to his complete oeuvre. This poetic and word game feeds among others into reference play and especially intertextual play. Johan Huizinga's thesis (in ) that poetry is play and born in play, is also confirmed in numerous poems, because the notion of play relates to the creation of a poem, as well as the existing poem.
In this article different facets of play are explored with regard to a number of selected poems and poem analyses in the poetry of Cloete. A characteristic of play in poetry is the playful character as attitude to life. It is, however, important to note that this playful attitude to life frequently can be typecast as "play-play in all seriousness" (freely translated from "Oordag" in ). The origin of the playful attitude to life is with Cloete, partially theological in nature. God plays with man and also allows man to play with Him as is obvious from the poem "job die tweede" (Cloete 1985:47) in which the narrator identifies with Job and in which he argues with God.
As a consequence of the playful attitude to life, Cloete's poetic prowess is indeed situated as dynamic play, but often not an ideological innocent play. Play, poetical prowess and power relations are explicitly verbalised in the poem, "balspel" (Cloete 2007:110). The key idea, which is put forward as a thesis in this poem, is "the poet is always a batsman". Being a poet is, therefore, equated to a ball game and the poet as the defendant in this game finds himself in a tussle with the dynamics and the wilfulness of language. In this poem the whole poetic procede is in the light of the poetic play - a play of words, of repetition and of sound and echoes.
There are furthermore two aspects of play and the playful attitude to life that are explored in the article: the fulfilled person in his love play (which can once again be equated to poetic play), and the possibility of an incantation or the liberating function of play that is aimed at the temporary abolishment of man's existential fear of life or his fear of death. Both these facets illustrate the ambiguous essential nature of play, as well as its underlying seriousness, in spite of its playful attitude to life.

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/content/akgees/55/2/EJC172365
2015-06-01
2019-10-14

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