n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Faktore wat die weglating van die Afrikaanse onderskikker bepaal : navorsings- en oorsigartikels : Afrikaanse werkwoorde en werkwoordkonstruksies

Volume 56 Number 1-0
  • ISSN : 0041-4751



Verb complement clauses in written Afrikaans have two formal variants. One form has an overt complementiser "that", followed by dependent word order (+SXV), while the other form has no complementiser and independent word order (Ø+SVX). Previous research on Afrikaans has not yielded conclusive findings about the factors that influence the choice between the variants, although the factors conditioning the alternation have been studied extensively in English and German. Based on that research, a number of potential conditioning factors are identified, which relate to the syntactic complexity of the main clause (its subject, modification of tense and modality features of the main verb, passivisation, negation or additional modifiers between the main clause and the complement clause); the semantics, lexical choice and frequency of the verb of the main clause; and the formality of the register.
This article adopts corpus linguistics as method to determine which factors best predict the choice between the variants. The data are drawn from the ("Corpus of the Language Commission"), which is a 57 million word corpus of contemporary written Afrikaans. A sample of 10 084 instances of the declarative complement clause were extracted from the corpus by using 104 different verb lemmas (see Appendix A) as extraction terms. These were classified manually for their complementation pattern, and all the potential features identified as potential conditioning factors in the literature review were annotated for every valid instance in the sample. The classified data were then subjected to decision tree modelling, to yield a classification tree that identifies the most important factors related to the choice between the two variants of the declarative complement construction in Afrikaans.

Die stelbysin in geskrewe Afrikaans vertoon twee variante. Die onderskikker word saam met afhanklike woordorde (SXV) gebruik in die een vorm, terwyl die ander vorm sonder die onderskikker voorkom en hoofsinwoordorde (SVX) gebruik. In hierdie artikel word die korpuslinguistiek as metode gebruik om ondersoek in te stel na die faktore wat verband hou met die keuse tussen die twee variante. 'n Analise van die Taalkommissiekorpus dui daarop die werkwoord van die hoofsin veral deurslaggewend is vir die keuse. Werkwoorde met 'n algemene betekenis wat met hoë frekwensie voorkom word eerder saam met die stelbysin sonder 'n onderskikker gebruik, terwyl werkwoorde met 'n meer spesifieke betekenis en dikwels laer frekwensie kombineer met die stelbysin wat 'n eksplisiete onderskikker bevat. Verder speel die register van tekste 'n rol, deurdat meer formele registers eerder die variant met verkies. Die bevindinge dui daarop dat die vorm sonder geassosieer word met hoër tematiese prominensie vir die stelbysin, terwyl die vorm met die prominensie verskuif na die hoofsin.

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