n Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie - Gesondheidassessering van visgemeenskappe blootgestel aan varkplaasuitvloeisel in die Vaalrivier, Suid-Afrika : referaatopsomming

Volume 31, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0254-3486
  • E-ISSN: 2222-4173


This study evaluated the effects of untreated pig slurry on the general health of the fish communities in the lower Vaal area by using the Fish Health Assessment Index (FHAI) together with morphological biomarkers such as Gonad Mass Index (GMI), Hepato-Somatic Index (HSI), the Condition factor (Cf) and microbial activity.

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