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n Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie - Dopluise (Hemiptera : Coccoidea) geassosieer met die wipstertmier, Emery (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) : oorspronklike navorsing

Volume 34, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0254-3486
  • E-ISSN: 2222-4173
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Abstract

Neste van die wipstertmier, (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), is op verskeie plekke langs die kus van die Wes-Kaap versamel. Die doel was om vas te stel watter dopluisagtiges (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) in die neste in assosiasie met hierdie miere leef. Dopluise van drie families, naamlik die Pseudococcidae (witluise), Coccidae (sagtedopluise) en Kerriidae (lakdopluise) is in die neste gevind, almal bekend daarvoor dat hulle heuningdou afskei. Hierdie mutualistiese verhouding tussen die miere en dopluise, bekend as mirmekofilie, is fakultatief van aard. Die wipstertmier blyk ook nie spesifiek te wees wat betref die plant waarop hulle nes maak nie.


Nests of the cocktail ant, (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), were collected from various locations along the coast of the Western Cape. The purpose was to determine which scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) live in association with these ants. Scale insects of three families, that is, Pseudococcidae (mealy bugs), Coccidae (soft scales) and Kerriidae (lac scales) were found in the nests, all of them known for secreting honeydew. This mutualistic association between the ants and scale insects, known as myrmecophily, is facultative, as the cocktail ant and the scale insects were also both found separately. The cocktail ant does not appear to be selective in choosing a plant on which to build a nest.

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/content/aknat/34/1/EJC169703
2015-01-01
2019-08-24

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