oa Alternation - No Time Like the Present: A Cognitive Approach to lime Differentiation in Discourse

Volume 10, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1023-1757



The term 'cognitive' is used in linguistics to refer to the perception that aspects of human experience and cognition are reflected in the structure and functioning of language. Langacker (1987a; 1987b; 1988) establishes a connection between research done since Fillmore (1968), Rosch (1973; 1975; 1978), and others like Johnson (1987), Lakoff (1987), Fauconnier (1983; 1985) and Givon (1979; 1982), by defining one of the main principles of cognitive grammar-meaning must be reduced to conceptualisation, which implies, inter alia, that the semantic structure of a language reflects our consciousness of a physical, social and language-related world. A semantic structure is therefore a conceptual structure that takes cognisance of the fact that language functions in a people directed world, so that one can expect to find signs thereof in the language system that one studies.

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