oa Alternation - The Conceptual Basis of Ethnic Stereotyping

Volume 10, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1023-1757



Kleinpenning (1993), like Tajfel (1978; 1981) considers stereotyping to be the result of a categorization process in which people from a particular social category (the ingroup) emphasize similarities between themselves, while they at the same time emphasise the differences between themselves and people from other categories (the outgroup). Taking Kleinpenning and Tajfel as point of departure we define stereotyping as the process where members of a group positively characterise members of their own ethnic group in terms of perceived desirable similar group features, or patterns of behaviour, while at the same time negatively characterising members of another ethnic group in terms of perceived undesirable group features, or perceived patterns of behaviour, instead of characterising the persons by actual individual features or patterns of behaviour.

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