oa Alternation - Gramsci on Intellectuals and Culture: A Review

Volume 11, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1023-1757



Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) was an Italian communist, journalist and major theorist. He was a leader and organizer of the workers' struggle in Turin between the end of the First World War and the advent of fascism, and was one of the founders of the Italian Communist Party. A fierce opponent of fascism, he spent the last eleven years of his life in Mussolini's prisons and during this time he wrote a series of notes on literary, political, philosophical and historical subjects. The essence of the notes was the development of a new Marxist theory, applicable to the conditions of advanced capitalism and other crucial themes like that of the intellectuals and their relation with society and the theory of hegemony.

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