oa Alternation - Securing women and children at King Shaka's well-resourced and formidable refuge, Nkandla Forest

Volume 14, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1023-1757



The primary purpose of this article is to return to King Shaka's most popular and formidable refuge, namely, Nkandla Forest, whose spectacularly mountainous ground and its depths witnessed, according to Gillings (1989), the famous battles between Shaka and Zwide of the Ndwandwe tribe. The article concentrates on Nkandla Forest as a well-resourced guardian of victims and refuge for women and children during the Shakan and Zulu-Anglo wars. During the former, King Shaka had to act responsibly and show courage in the face of great adversity by protecting and caring for the most vulnerable in his land. For him, the security of women and children was a priority in all conflicts and his pi arming involved attention to their specific needs prior to his campaigns.

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