oa Alternation - Censure and Social Comment in the lzihasho of Urban Zulu Women

Volume 2, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1023-1757



Ong (1990:43) makes the point in his work Orality & Literacy, that many if not most oral or residually oral cultures, strike literates as extremely agonistic in their verbal performances and even in their lifestyles. He goes on to say that oral narratives/renditions are often marked by the enthusiastic descriptionptions of physical violence which he explains as resulting from the common and persistent physical hardships of life. Furthermore, personal tensions can also arise due to ignorance of physical causes of disease and disaster, where these are seen to be caused by something or the malevolence of someone.

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