oa Alternation - South Africa within global and post-apartheid constraints

Volume 8, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1023-1757



The aims of the African National Congress (ANC) in the South African government (hereinafter referred to as government) are more complicated than they used to be as a freedom movement, i.e. between 1955 (the year of the establishment of the Freedom Charter) and 1990. Economic-political shifts in the international balance of forces have imposed this complication. The organisation is now torn between its policies and principles before 1990 and this new situation. As anti-apartheid activists, a clear statement was made that the anti-apartheid struggle could not be separated from the struggle for socialism. The ANC's former hopes of introducing some degree of socialist-orientation in its socio-economic developmental perspectives have been shattered with the retreat of global socialism.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error