n Learning and Teaching Mathematics - "I've got it!" - A card game for developing number sense and fluency

Volume 2014, Issue 17
  • ISSN : 1990-6811


The Foundation Phase CAPS document indicates that learners exiting the Foundation Phase should do so with "a secure number sense and operational fluency" and that these learners should be "competent and confident with numbers and calculations" (Department of Basic Education, 2011a, p. 8). In the context of the Foundation Phase the development of number sense includes the meaning of different kinds of numbers, the relationship between different kinds of numbers, and the effect of operating with numbers. In the Intermediate Phase this development of number sense and operational fluency should continue, with the number range, kinds of numbers, and calculation techniques all being extended. However, from my experience in the South African context, many learners are still reliant on concrete one-to-one methods of calculation such as finger counting or tally marks throughout the primary grades. This unfortunately does not match the expected level of fluency as reflected in the official CAPS documents (Department of Basic Education, 2011a, 2011b).

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