oa Annals of the Natal Museum - New fossil species of Phlebotomus and Haematopota in Baltic Amber (Diptera: Psychodidae, Tabanidae)

Volume 22, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0304-0798



Descriptions are given of Phlebotomus succini sp. n. (Psychodidae) and Haematopota pinicola sp. n. (Tabanidae) fossilized in Baltic Amber. P. succini is compared with P. tipuliformis Meunier of the Baltic Amber fauna and with the species of Phlebotomites Hennig in Neocomian Lebanese Amber. A possible synonymy of Phlebotomites and Phlebotomiella Meunier is indicated. P. succini is not related to any of the fossil species, and cannot be allocated to any subgenus erected for living species. The formation and possible evolution of the wing pattern in Haematopota is discussed; the wing of pinicola resembles that of a modern African savanna species in certain features, and a correlation is noted between the development of patterned wings and the acquisition of a tectiform wing-posture.

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