oa Annals of the Natal Museum - Cryptophorellia, a remarkable new genus of Afrotropical Tephritinae (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Volume 30, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0304-0798



Cryptophorellia, new genus, is proposed for Phorellia peringueyi Bezzi (type species), P. phaeoptera Bezzi and 15 additional species, of which 14 are descriptionbed as new (elongatula, flava, longicauda, madagascariensis, minuta, montana, munroi, prairiensis, stenoptera, stuckenbergi, tarsata, trivittata, vumbaensis, zombaensis), and one is left unnamed. Trypeta doris Munro is a new junior synonym of C. peringueyi. All species are strictly Afrotropical ranging from 7°N to the Cape Peninsula. Eleven species are recorded from mainland Africa and six from Madagascar. Host plants, when known or suspected, belong to Senecio or Crassocephalum (Asteraceae). The larvae infest the flower heads and drop to the ground prior to pupariation. Sexual dimorphism in wing shape and/or pattern is recorded for most species, with interspecific variation generally greater among the males, rendering them easier to separate. Conversely, for identification purposes male terminalia are almost useless, whereas the shape of the aculeus usually provides a good clue to species identity. The taxonomy, phylogeny, zoogeo­graphy, biology and immature stages of Cryptophorellia are briefly discussed. Separate keys for the identification of males and females are provided.

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