oa Botswana Notes & Records - Botswana's labour dynamics: the influences of entries, exits and deaths on manpower size and composition

Volume 20, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0525-5090



Utilising working-life-table methodology and demographic and economic data from the 1981 census, this paper estimates the numbers of entries into, exits from and deaths in the labour force of Botswana in 1981; it studies the influences of mortality, entries and exits on the labour force size and composition; and finally, it examines the size and age pattern of the employment positions that needed to be created in 1981 to accommodate the extra job seekers. Among its important findings, it is worthy to note firstly, that mortality still has a strong negative effect on the economically active population; secondly, that over ten-thousand employment positions needed to be created in 1981 to absorb the excess of job-seekers over deaths and exits from the labour force; and thirdly, that there was an imbalance between labour supply and demand in the form of an over-supply in the younger ages and a deficit demand in the older ages, leading to conclusions that programmes aiming to remedy the unemployment problem in the country would be most effective if they addressed the needs of the youth.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error