oa Botswana Notes & Records - Domesticity: the basis for missionary education of Batswana women to the end of the 19th Century

Volume 26, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0525-5090



In their endeavours, missionaries sought to change Tswana notions of men's and women's work and roles, by offering gender-specific forms of education. In the initial years of the missionary era, informal domestic training of women played a much more crucial role in the missionaries' ""civilizing"" agenda than formal (domestic) education. Due to its informal nature, village-based domestic training was much more ideologically far-reaching, because it was accessible to larger numbers of village women than formal schooling. By the end of the 19th century however, important inroads had been made in integrating women into formal schooling, albeit confining their education to the domestic arena.

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