oa Botswana Notes & Records - A child that does not cry dies in the cradle: the 1908-10 campaign to keep the Bechuanaland Protectorate out of the Union of South Africa

Volume 27, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0525-5090



The history of nationalism in Botswana, along with the other former High Commission Territories (HCTs) of Lesotho and Swaziland, is fundamentally different from most African countries. At least until the last decade of colonial era nationalist sentiment was equated with the retention, rather than rejection, of the British occupation. This was because there long existed a consensus among local Batswana that British overrule as a Protectorate preserved nascent Botswana from incorporation into the white settler-dominated states of South Africa and/or Southern Rhodesia. Thus, for many decades, nationalist-minded Batswana were stronger advocates of imperial control than the imperialists themselves. In this context the seminal twentieth century event in the emergence of modem Botswana nationalism was the 1908-1910 campaign to keep the then Bechuanaland Protectorate (BP) out of the proposed Union of South Africa.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error