oa Botswana Notes & Records - The hydro-politics of the Okavango Delta: property rights and the management implications of competing land and water use strategies

Volume 32 Number 1
  • ISSN : 0525-5090



The management of unique wetlands such as the Okavango Delta is determined by the competing de facto and de jure claims on water and on water dependent natural resources. The claims can be categorised as International, National, District and Local assertions of access rights. These claims pose a common property resource management dilemma, because exclusion of access to water and wetland resources is problematic. This paper argues that the Okavango Delta is best managed by a joint jurisdiction regime involving multiple stakeholders at local, district, national and international levels. Key institutions dealing with the co-management of resources in the Delta are identified as possible models for future institution building.

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