oa Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology - The burden of allergic rhinitis : review article

Volume 18, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1609-3607



Allergic rhinitis produces direct symptoms of rhinorrhoea, sneezing, pruritus and nasal congestion, as well as complications which often relate to other areas of the respiratory tract, including the middle ear space, producing otitis media with effusion, and the sinus cavities, producing both chronic sinusitis and episodic infective acute sinusitis. Two significant complications of allergic rhinitis are asthma and impaired quality of life. This is a condition which carries enormous cost implications, direct, indirect and intangible. Treatment should be instituted to reverse symptoms and complications but clearly the selection of medication is of critical importance as some medications, the older generation (or sedating antihistamines) specifically, threaten to do more harm than good, further impairing quality of life and escalating cost.

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